Host side Al Ain stunned South American champions River Plate 5-4 in a penalty shootout after coming back from a goal down to draw 2-2 in a thrilling Club World Cup semi-final on Tuesday.Al Ain goalkeeper Khalid Eisa was the hero in the shootout, saving substitute Enzo Perez’s penalty to book his side’s spot in the tournament’s final on Saturday“I’m very happy. I’m very proud. What happened tonight is incredible,” Al Ain coach Zoran Mamic told reporters. “We showed that in football everything is possible,” he added after his side became the first from the United Arab Emirates to reach the final.“There are no excuses,” said River Plate coach Marcelo Gallardo, whose side also hit the crossbar from the penalty spot in the 69th minute.“We didn’t play the match with the right determination.”Al Ain will now face the winners of Real Madrid and Kashima Antlers, who play each other in the other semi-final on Wednesday.River Plate, drawn straight into the semi-final, were expected to cruise through against a team that had to win a playoff and a quarter-final to earn their last-four spot.Al Ain, who qualified as the UAE champions, got off to a dream start as Swedish forward Marcus Berg headed a corner between the goalkeeper’s legs in the third minute.River Plate’s Santos Borre equalised in the 11th minute from close range before doubling his account and putting the Argentine side 2-1 ahead in the 16th minute.River Plate travelled to the UAE after winning the Copa Libertadores final against fellow Argentine rivals Boca Juniors, the second leg of which was moved to Madrid following fan violence in Buenos Aires.They controlled possession for much of the match but Al Ain were dangerous when pressing forward.Al Ain’s Mohamed Abdulrahman, returning from a one-match suspension, had a shot from outside the box saved in the 30th minute, and a header by Berg was saved moments later.Al Ain then had a goal disallowed by VAR for offside in the 45th minute.Mamic disputed the decision, telling reporters it was a “clear goal,” but said that it no longer mattered after his team won on penalties.Al Ain’s Brazilian midfielder Caio equalised for the home side in the 51st minute with a right-footed shot.River Plate’s Gonzalo Martinez had the chance to put the Argentine team 3-2 ahead in 69th from the penalty spot but hit the bar.African champions Esperance, of Tunisia, beat Mexico’s Chivas Guadalajara 6-5 on penalties after their fifth-placed match finished 1-1 earlier on Tuesday.
Pull Quote “You gotta eat, ain’t no shame in the game because I come from a place where you can do what you wanna do and be what you wanna be. Nobody can’t stop you. You’re in control of that. Nothing is impossible. You are in control of your own destiny, the only person who can break you is you and first of all, you must believe in the Most High, the Father, and you can’t do nothing without Him. Just do you, follow your heart and be what you want to be. Nobody but you can’t say you can’t.”No matter what struggles come our way or whatever life throws at us, we must always push and push so hard that we break through all the barriers so that we get on the other side and can be proud of what we have overcome. No one knows pushing their limits and breaking barriers while crushing a couple of stereotypes like Amanda Mc Nichol does.She is fearless, she is without boundaries and she is a trailblazer. She is proud and has every reason to be proud, because she has persevered in not only one but every aspect of her life. She is the epitome of a fearless woman, one without any ego and one with every bit of kindness.You see, Amanda is not your average woman nor is she ever going to be your average woman because she feels as if she should not be placed in a box of what a woman should be, rather she feels as though it is time the mould of the stereotypical woman be broken and is doing everything in her power to shatter the proverbial glass ceiling.The 33-year-old mother of one has been doing what are considered traditional men’s jobs for almost all of her adult life. With a passion for engineering, Amanda has done everything from construction to now driving a taxi. She has been driving a taxi for over five years and is attached to the N2N Taxi Service in Georgetown.The only way to truly understand Amanda’s story is to thread back to where it all began. Growing up, according to her, was a joy in itself, since for her it was everything and a little more. She grew up in the heart of the city among family she adored. Everyone who grew up with their grandparents around knows that there is a certain level of discipline one receives, but there is also the certain level of joy one feels just to be loved by granny. Amanda had that since she lived on Norton Street with her mother, but granny was just next door on Princes Street which served as a good escape.Education has always been on the fore of her life growing up and after she finished her secondary education at the St Mary’s High School, Amanda started the Computer Science Programme at the Government Technical Institute (GTI) and upon completion, she went on to the Critchlow Labour College for advanced studies in mathematics. However, despite all of that, Amanda felt some thing was lacking. Thirsty for an adventure, at 18, she packed up her belongings and hopped on a straight flight to Barbados to begin a new chapter in her adult life.“I am a bit adventurous and that is how me becoming a taxi driver happened. I like to see different things and meet different people. I was still a teenager and that is how I ended up in Barbados. I like construction and engineering and Barbados is not a sexist place and they allow women to be themselves,” she said.In Barbados, with no cap placed on her abilities, Amanda began pushing her boundaries. She explains that being in Barbados allowed her to explore, push and shatter boundaries.“In Barbados, if you wanna turn spade, you can turn spade. You wanna hammer nail, you can hammer nail. That is what Barbados provides. Women can be what they wanna be, not like they will watch at you. Here (Guyana) is a bit more sexist than there. I did construction. I was a paint foreman for five years and controlled a workshop and made sure everything was perfect.”Amanda worked in the construction industry with very few objections from the men there. She said that level of comfort allowed her to dominate her field and hone in on all the skills she had. She was allowed to perfect every skill she had and when the tide changed on the island, she knew her time was becoming limited there.After the Government changed on the island and the arrest of Allen Stanford for fraud, the tourism industry in Barbados took a dip resulting in the loss of contracts and stalled work.“It didn’t make sense that I were there and had to pay rent and the work is coming yes, but not as fast enough…so it didn’t make sense for me to stay there and do all of that, is best that I came home because home is home,” Amanda, who got pregnant and gave birth to a beautiful girl during her time in Barbados, said.When she returned home, there was some amount of confusion before she actually settled in. However, it was not all smooth sailing even then, since Amanda thought she would be afforded the same respect working in a male-dominated field, but little did she know she was in for an unwelcome surprise. Amanda got a hard time getting work in construction since many men frowned upon her wanting to join them, because it was not the stereotypical woman’s job.“Some would give me chances and trust me when I perform, I perform well and so. Still they see it challenging, because I was better than some and they wanted to pay me less. I value my talent and it is worth every dollar. I don’t do shabby work and it wasn’t working out,” Amanda explained.It was then that a friend told her to put her licence and vehicle to work for her. She began scouting taxi bases and found the N2N Taxi Service where she has been working for over five years now and is now a manager.You gotta eat, ain’t no shame in the game because I come from a place where you can do what you wanna do and be what you wanna be. Nobody can’t stop you. You’re in control of that. Nothing is impossible. You are in control of your own destiny, the only person who can break you is you and first of all, you must believe in the Most High, the Father, and you can’t do nothing without Him. Just do you, follow your heart and be what you want to be. Nobody but you can’t say you can’t,” she notes.The passion to be a civil engineer is still burning inside of Amanda and she is ready to follow it. For now, she is focusing on shattering all the ceilings to make Guyana a better place for women with very few boundaries.
…as AG issue goes unresolvedPresident David Granger is being accused of covering up for his Ministers by sweeping serious issues under the carpet, as appears to be the case regarding the Attorney General, Basil Williams and his unruly behaviour towards a High Court Judge.This is the view of Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo, who is urging the Head of State to take disciplinary actions against Williams over his unacceptable conduct, noting that failure to do so would ultimately expose the true nature of the President. “I would expect that the President would treat this matter seriously and if he sweeps it under the carpet, it is one more very telling trait of the President that exposes his real nature about how he deals with matters when they concern people in his inner circle,” Jagdeo stated during a press conference at the Leader of the Opposition Office on Monday.He outlined similar situations where President Granger failed to take action against Cabinet colleagues who made major blunders in the execution of their duties, including the infamous D’Urban Park scandal and the $605 million drug procurement fiasco.“People say the President is aloof and does not concern himself with those matters, but when he does, he doesn’t do these things with a view of bringing them to their conclusion or establish an independent process that will guide him,” Jagdeo said as he lamented the many free passes being given to Ministers who constantly slip up.Regarding the AG incident, the Opposition Leader had called for investigations at both the level of the Executive and Judiciary, since the matter brought into disrepute the State’s Minister of Justice and revolved around his conduct in a courtroom.President’s positionGuyana Times attempted to ask President Granger, on the sidelines of a book launch on Monday evening, about his thoughts on the Attorney General’s behaviour, but was advised by an officer of his Press and Publicity Unit that he would not be taking any questions.Such a position flies in the face of the President’s claims that he is accessible to the media, even though he has not held a press conference for more than a year.Responding to questions posed to him during the recording of the December 20, 2016 edition of “The Public Interest”, the President had said he remained accessible to the media through a number of media engagement options, including engaging with reporters at various public forums.When Guyana Times attempted to engage with the Head of State after the book launch, the press officer advised that questions be sent to an email address – and that was done, but up to press time, no response was forthcoming.President Granger had recently expressed confidence that the matter involving the Attorney General would be resolved soon.However, he did not elaborate on when or how the issue would be addressed.Guyana Press Association (GPA) President Neil Marks only recently stressed the need for the Head of State to host press conferences in order to engage the media, outside of his televised programme.High Court dramaThe issue between the Attorney General and Justice Franklin Holder stemmed from an exchange, which caused the High Court Judge to storm out of the courtroom without adjourning the proceedings that were before him. The following day, Justice Holder formally informed the Chancellor of the Judiciary (ag0 that he had abruptly walked out of the courtroom on March 23 because of statements made by the Attorney General.The Judge said in his complaint — which has since been leaked to the public — that after hearing the AG utter the words in question, “I rose from the Bench and went into my Chambers. I did not adjourn the matter, nor did I give any instructions to the parties. I recognise Mr Williams’ behaviour as I have related to be insulting, disrespectful, and calculated to scandalise and lower the authority of the Court, in the face of the Court. Mr Williams’ behaviour was highly contemptuous and deserving of him being cited for contempt in the face of the Court. Instead of doing so at the moment, I chose to leave the Bench.”Despite the Judge clearly stating that the Attorney General’s behaviour caused him to walk off the Bench, Williams is holding out that he is not to be blamed for what happened. In fact, the Attorney General has even defended his actions and his statements. He believes that the Judge fell prey to “transferred frustration” as a result of the defence lawyer in the matter, Anil Nandlall’s “barracking” of nearly three hours during the proceedings.Williams is also insisting that his comment was not a threat, and he has refused to apologise to the Judge, saying to reporters at a subsequent press conference, “I don’t know about apology.”The High Court Judge has said in his complaint that he felt disrespected by the Attorney General’s behaviour and has called for an apology in open court.
Transfer rumours and paper review Here’s the top transfer-related stories in Sunday’s newspapers…Real Madrid will test Manchester United’s resolve to land Gareth Bale by demanding David De Gea in part-exchange. United are ready to spend £100million on Bale and Real willl let the Welshman leave, but only if the Spanish stopper is allowed to go the other way. (Sunday Mirror)Manchester United boss Louis van Gaal is ready to rescue Nemanja Vidic from his Inter Milan hell. United let Vidic leave in the summer but could now welcome the defender back with new Inter boss Roberto Mancini keen to ship out the Serbian on a free transfer. (Daily Star Sunday)Everton are planning a loan bid for Manchester United’s teenage star Adnan Januzaj. (Sunday People)Manchester United midfielder Nick Powell is in discussions over a loan move to Bolton. The 20-year-old has failed to make an impression this season on loan at Leicester City, who will cut short the deal. (Mail on Sunday)Arsenal are preparing to go back to Sporting Lisbon with a £20million offer for William Carvalho afer missing out on the midfielder in the summer. (Mail on Sunday)Arsene Wenger is set to make a shock move for St Etienne captain Loic Perrin in the winter transfer window. The 29-year-old is valued at around £6million – and it is his versatility that appeals to the Arsenal manager. (Sunday Mirror)Arsenal midfielder Tomas Rosicky is a target for Olympiakos. (Sun on Sunday)Liverpool are planning a double £15million January raid for Aston Villa pair Fabian Delph and Ron Vlaar. (Daily Star Sunday)Liverpool have offered Fabio Borini to Lazio in exchange for powerful midfielder Ogenyi Onazi. (Sunday Express)Chelsea are favourites to land Corinthians starlet Malcolm Silva ahead of Manchester United and Arsenal. (Sunday Express)Inter Milan are hopeful of concluding a loan deal for Chelsea winger Mohamed Salah. (Mail on Sunday)Hamburg have joined Nice by showing interest in Newcastle midfielder Hatem Ben Arfa. (Mail on Sunday)West Ham will listen to loan offers for striker Mauro Zarate. The Argentinian has been touted around the Premier League with Sunderland and Newcastle alerted to his availability. (Sunday People)And here’s the latest talkSPORT.com headlines…Chelsea confirm AC Milan make Torres move permanentArsenal transfer latest: Three clubs chasing Gunners’ striker, but will Wenger permit a move?Exclusive – Warnock lost backing from fans, claims former Crystal Palace strikerManchester City team news: Kompany set for Blues returnLiverpool team news: Star returns but Rodgers is still without defenders 1
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2The placements violated no laws, but officials moved four parolees who lived in motels within a half-mile of the amusement park. High-risk sex offenders also became an issue in the Antelope Valley, where their proportion of the population is more than twice the Los Angeles County average. Of Los Angeles County’s 391 high-risk sex offender parolees, 43 live in the Antelope Valley. That means the Antelope Valley has 11 percent of Los Angeles County’s high-risk sex offenders on parole, but less than 4 percent of the county’s population. The issue figured in the Republican primary election campaign between Assemblywoman Sharon Runner, R-Lancaster, and Palmdale Mayor Jim Ledford, who said Runner and her husband, state Sen. George Runner, R-Lancaster, had allowed Antelope Valley to become a dumping ground for parolees. Sharon Runner won the June 6 primary. State officials announced last month that high-risk sex offenders in the Antelope Valley had been fitted with satellite-tracking devices in a pilot program for Los Angeles County. PALMDALE – Answering criticism about paroling high-risk sex offenders into California communities, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger ordered state prison officials to evaluate sex offenders for the risk they pose to the public before they are released on parole. At present, sex offenders who have served their prison time are released to parole officers, who then determine whether they should be classified as a high risk of committing new violent sexual assaults. “Protecting the people of California is the single greatest priority of Governor Schwarzenegger,” spokesman Bill Maile said. “Today’s executive order is another step in the enforcement of his zero-tolerance policy.” Schwarzenegger signed the executive order Friday to implement recommendations of the High Risk Sex Offender Task Force he appointed last month, after the ouster of the state parole chief following revelations that paroled sex offenders were placed in motels and hotels near Disneyland. Strapped to a parolee’s ankle, the Global Positioning System device beams signals to an orbiting network of satellites that give state parole agents a computerized record of a parolee’s movements and, if he or she ventures to a school or playground or leaves the area within which he must stay, will transmit a text message alerting his parole agent. California began using the GPS devices in a pilot program tracking high-risk sex offenders in San Diego County last July, and in October in Orange County. More than 400 are now in use in parts of California, with a state law approved last year boosting that to 2,500 over the next four years. The parolees moved from near Disneyland all wore GPS devices. The prerelease assessment is intended to ensure that paroled sex offenders will be under the highest level of scrutiny, Schwarzenegger said in his announcement of the executive order. The governor’s order also told prison officials to verify that high-risk sex offenders’ intended residences comply with a new state law barring them from living within a half-mile of schools. He also told prison officials to notify local police or sheriff’s departments at least 45 days before high-risk sex offenders are released into the communities they patrol. George Runner said most of the executive order’s points were already covered in the Antelope Valley by an agreement approved by state parole officials in January and by the initiation of the GPS program. “We already set a lot of these things in motion,” Runner said. Under that agreement, state officials promised to stop sending parolees to the Antelope Valley unless they had valley connections predating their imprisonments. The agreement also required monthly meetings between parole officials and local sheriff’s and city officials, and required parole officers to work with sheriff’s officials in keeping an eye on parolees. Runner said he had heard no complaints from sheriff’s officials that parole officers are not living up to their promises. The extent of the issue shows in a statistic contained in the governor’s executive order: In the next 90 days, more than 1,400 sex offenders are scheduled to get out of state prisons. The assessment of how many of those are at high risk of committing new violent offenses is expected to be done with 30 days, the governor’s order said. Ledford said the governor’s orders contains policies that “should be the norm,” but he also said the law keeping high-risk sex offenders a half-mile from schools will unfairly concentrate them in those neighborhoods that are farther away. Ledford added: “I think you simply have too many of these people. I don’t believe they are rehabilitated when they are released. … I think the public loses in this game. I don’t think the legislators have many of these people living next to them. They just don’t get it.” email@example.com (661) 267-5742160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
22 September 2011 South Africa’s reputation among people of the G8 countries has shown a steady improvement since 2009, the Reputation Institute said on Wednesday, with recent gains in beating crime boding well for further improvement still. The global reputation consulting firm said South Africa’s reputation had shown a steady year-on-year improvement since 2009, from a score of 44.27 in January 2009, to 44.60 in January 2010, and 46.70 in January 2011 (on a score scale of 0-100). South Africa’s reputation score spiked at 49.11 in August 2010, after the Fifa World Cup held at venues around the country. The G8 comprises the world’s eight most industrialised nations: Canada, Germany, Japan, Italy, France, Russia, the UK and the US. The institute said the top driver of South Africa’s reputation among people of the G8 countries in 2011 was whether people were welcoming and friendly. The perception of whether the country was a safe place was the second most important of the 16 drivers measured in 2011. South Africa achieved a “weak” score of 57.84 in the top driver, and its score as a safe place was considered poor at 37.32. Perceptions of the government’s effectiveness achieved a “weak” 41.6. The country scored the highest for physical beauty (72.19) and enjoyment (71.21), but these were only the fifth and seventh most important drivers of South Africa’s reputation. “This indicates that we can improve our reputation by working hard on safety and effective government,” the institute’s managing director in South Africa, Dominik Heil, said. “Recent gains that have been announced in safety and security are therefore really important and bode well for us in building a stronger reputation.” Out of the 50 countries measured in 2011, South Africa continued to be associated with mid-scale reputation countries such as Puerto Rico, South Korea, Mexico, Turkey and Egypt, and this year was ranked 33rd overall in the world. Several new countries were included in the 2011 survey, including Egypt and Nigeria. The survey ranked Egypt at 37th position. Nigeria was 47th, ahead only of Pakistan, Iran and Iraq. Canada was the best-regarded country in the world in 2011, while Sweden, Australia, Switzerland and New Zealand were in the next four. Norway, Denmark, Finland, Austria and Netherlands made up the rest of the top 10 countries in the world. Sapa
A recent report by Forrester’s Stefan Ried identifies myths that surround the 2013 business software business. Chris Kanaracus of IDG News Service summarized some of the findings in that report:Myth – Enterprises Have Embraced Public Social Networks“Not quite right. While employees value the open collaboration of social technology, they aren’t moving collaboration to public social networks like Facebook and Twitter.” Half of businesses report that they “are concerned about corporate collaboration issues and are keen to keep Facebook and Twitter streams clearly separated from corporate applications.” Only 14 percent of businesses want to use them.Myth – Businesses Have Stopped Custom Application Development“Definitely wrong. Enterprises spend about the same on custom-developed business applications as on packaged business software.” While pre-packaged application software accounts for about 25.8 percent of software spending, businesses are still spending 25.6 percent of their software budget on custom software development.Myth – On-premise Solutions Will Be Fully Replaced with SaaS“Replacements drove only the first wave of SaaS adoption; the future will be hybrid.” One-third of companies surveyed are using a hybrid cloud solution.Myth – The TopPriority Software Application for Businesses is ERP“BI leads the adoption priority list, both in terms of expanding or upgrading existing installations and new implementations.”
7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Why You Love Online Quizzes Clojure is a dialect of the LISP programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine. It’s becoming increasingly popular as a modern functional programming language. This week O’Reilly Radar blogger Stuart Sierra called it “the hot new language of the moment.” He describes Clojure as “Lisp meets Java with a side of Erlang.” Interested? Here are a few free resources to get you started.Trying Clojure Out in the BrowserTry Clojure and 4Clojure provide you with the chance to play with Clojure without installing anything. 4Clojure gives you a set of problems to solve using Clojure code, a bit like koans (see below) or Project Euler.Tutorials for BeginnersGuide to Programming in Clojure for Beginners is a nice long beginner’s tutorial, starting with installation and moving on into more advanced features. It doesn’t attempt to cover everything, instead it highlights a few key features and provides an introduction to them.Clojure – Functional Programming for the JVM by R. Mark Volkmann is another beginner’s tutorial that briefly covers many features of Clojure.Clojure Tutorial For the Non-Lisp Programmer by Moxley Stratton.Eric Rochester’s Clojure Series klint finley Tags:#hack#How To Related Posts Clojure KoansClojure Koans are a free set of programming exercises for learning the Clojure programming language, similar to the famous Ruby Koans project.labrepllabrepl is a Clojure application that you can run on your local computer or server. It provides a set of exercises for learning Clojure with step by step instructions. It was originally created for the Clojure Studio class.Clojure Programming WikiBookThe Clojure Wikibook seems to be just getting started, but it does have its own example-driven Clojure tutorial, a Clojure cookbook and lots of links (some of which are included here). The concepts page is pretty extensive.Learning Clojure WikiBookLearning Clojure is another WikiBook project that is still in its early stages.Clojure DocsClojure Docs is a community powered Clojure documentation site, including references for most (all?) of Clojure’s features. Like the Wikibook, it’s still in its early stages. How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid
Note: This item has been corrected. It previously cited GAO as the source of the report. The Environmental Protection Agency needs an overall plan for its research on climate change, according to a report released Monday by the agency’s Inspector General. It’s not clear how the agency decides what research to focus on, the IG said. The agency’s Office of Research and Development doesn’t keep its scientific results in a central repository, nor does it communicate them quickly enough. “ORD’s current climate change research products and plans do not meet users’ needs in timeliness or scope,” the report notes. EPA spent $36.6 million on climate change research in fiscal year 2008, a tiny fraction of the federal spending in that area. In comments to the IG, agency officials wrote that they intend to issue a memo on research prioritization by the end of the year. Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
But the federal government isn’t the only possible source of funding, she added. “We either need to get that investment from new dollars appropriated by Congress, or hope to get on the agenda of one or more of the candidates during the campaign, or spark the imagination of groups in the private sector, including industry and foundations.”Córdova is counting on rank-and-file scientists to help sell the initiative by submitting more grant proposals that don’t fit traditional categories or are especially ambitious. “We want people to think about what’s missing, and how they would fill those gaps,” she says.The presidentially appointed science board didn’t need much convincing after listening to her presentation. “I’m blown away by what I just heard,” said Dan Arvizu, the board’s outgoing chair and recently retired director of the Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. “It’s an intellectual exercise unparalleled in government, and demonstrates the value of NSF to the nation.”NSF is already drafting its budget request for the 2018 fiscal year, which starts in October 2017. But the next president will ultimately decide what goes to Congress, and may even have a say in NSF’s 2017 budget if Congress can’t complete its work before Inauguration Day on 20 January 2017.The list of ideas was finalized last month at a 2-day retreat of Córdova’s senior managers. They were asked to come up with two grand challenges facing the scientific disciplines their offices support, and told not to compare notes ahead of time. What eventually emerged both distilled and amalgamated those ideas.Shaping the human-technology frontier, for example, began as “probably four related proposals,” Córdova notes. But some of the ideas weren’t grand enough to make the final list. “They weren’t things that we were ready to do, or they didn’t have broad community appeal.” Córdova says she wasn’t looking for a particular number of items for the list, but “the nine that came out covered the waterfront of really big ideas.”The six “research” ideas are intended to stimulate cross-disciplinary activity and take on important societal challenges. Exploring the human-technology frontier, for example, reflects NSF’s desire “to weave in technology throughout the fabric of society, and study how technology affects learning,” says Joan Ferrini-Mundy, who runs NSF’s education directorate. She thinks it will also require universities to change how they educate the next generation of scientists and engineers.Other ideas on the list with no obvious short-term applications are meant to capitalize on newly available research tools. The “windows on the universe” frontier, for example, will build on the recent detection of gravitational waves, explains Fleming Crim, NSF’s head of mathematics and physical sciences. “We’ve thought for a long time about doing electromagnetic, particle, and gravitational-wave observations,” Crim says. “And now we have all the pieces.”The three “process” ideas include a new no-strings-attached pot of money to seed all manner of fresh ideas. Córdova compared it to the Common Fund at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), created several years ago within the director’s office to encourage scientists to think outside the box.“It started with money NIH had pooled,” she notes, “but Congress really liked it, and [the Common Fund] has grown.” Once a new NSF initiative “gets traction,” she says, it would likely be handed over to one of the agency’s seven directorates.Here is a list of the nine big ideas:Research France Córdova, the director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) in Arlington, Virginia, has unveiled a research agenda intended to shape the agency’s next few decades and win over the next U.S. president and Congress.The nine big ideas (see list below) illustrate how increased support for the type of basic research that NSF funds could help answer pressing societal problems, she says, ranging from how humans interact with technology to how climate change in the polar regions will impact the global economy, environment, and culture. (Click here for a one-page description of each idea.) It’s unusual for a federal agency to talk publicly about its long-range budget plans, Córdova acknowledges. But she is betting that touting the agency’s capabilities during an election year will pay dividends after voters have chosen a successor to President Barack Obama.“This comes at a time of transition,” she told the National Science Board, NSF’s oversight body, on 6 May. “So that makes it a great opportunity for NSF to present a menu of the things it can do.” And NSF’s current budget of $7.46 billion is insufficient to tackle these questions, Córdova told Science after the meeting. “We can’t do any of these things without future investments. 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